What are we all about?
Livestock are tamed animals reared in an agricultural set up to provide products like fiber, food, and labor. The animals are usually reared for profit. Animal husbandry is a component of recent agriculture. It has been applied in various cultures since the shift to farming from hunter-gather lifestyles.
The economic value of livestock includes:
They provide a valuable type of dietary protein and energy
- Dairy Products
Livestock can be used as a source of milk, which can in turn simply be used to manufacture other dairy products, like yogurt, butter, cheese, ice cream, kumis and kefir. Using livestock for this function can often generate multiple times the food energy of butchering the animal entirely.
Livestock yield a variety of textiles. For example, goats and sheep yield mohair and wool; cows, sheep and deer skins can be used to make leather; and bones, horns and hooves of livestock can be used.
Manure produced by the livestock can be dispersed on fields to maximize crop products. This is an imperative reason why historically, animal and plant domestication have been closely connected. On the other hand, manure used to make plaster for floors and walls, and can be further utilized to produce fuel for fires as well. In addition, the bones and blood of animals are used as fertilizer.
Animals like horses, yaks and donkeys can be used for provision of mechanical energy. Preceding invention of steam power, livestock were the only obtainable source of non-human labor. They are still used today for this purpose in various places of on the universe, including transporting goods, military functions and ploughing fields.
The grazing of home reared animals is sometimes used as a way to control undergrowth and weeds. For instance, in placess prone to wild fires, sheep and goats are set to graze on dry scrub which eradicates combustible material and lessens the risk of fires.